One of the most significant goals of technical analysis is to identify changes in direction of price action. Because candlesticks give insight into what the market is thinking, one of the most useful aspects of candlestick analysis is its ability to suggest changes in the sentiment of the market. We call these candle formations Reversal Patterns.
There are a number reversal patterns in western technical analysis, such as Head & Shoulders and Double Tops. Those formations often don’t give much insight into what the market is thinking, they simply represent common patterns found in price action that precede a reversal. Reversal patterns in western analysis often take many periods to form. On the other hand Candlestick interpretations concentrate much more on understanding market psychology than anything else. And because the vast majority of Candlesticks formations take one to three time periods, they give traders more of a real time picture of market sentiment.
Important to note is that with candlesticks a reversal pattern does not necessarily suggest a complete reversal in trend, but merely a change or pause in direction. That could mean anything from a slowdown in trend, sideways trading after an established trend, or a full turnaround following a reversal candle pattern.
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